Purpose: Academics will often synthesize sources to show the relationships between separate arguments for the purposes of making connections, understanding distinctions, and connecting ideas across different texts. For this assignment, you will synthesize three readings from the scholarly discourse unit (Barber, Bloom, Mantsios, Tannen, Knoblauch, Stotsky, Wilby, Kozol, Fichtenbaum, and Rodriguez), putting their ideas in conversation with one another and demonstrating through analysis how the three texts are related. Feel free to use more than three texts or seek out additional research to incorporate into the essay, but using more than three of our readings and/or incorporating outside material is not required.
-The book is Exploring Language. custom edition for university of Oklahoma , Eleventh edition By Gary Goshagrian. published by Longman.
-Benjamin Barber’s article, The Educated Student: Global Citizen or Global Consumer? (Exploring Language pp. 415-22 )
-Allan Bloom’s The Student and the University (pp. 422-30)
-Mantsios’s article, Class in America 2003 (pp. 472-85)
-Deborah Tannen’s article, The Roots of Debate in Education and the Hope of
Dialogue (pp. 536-52)
-C. H. Knoblauch Literacy and the Politics of Education (pp. 451-57)
Kozol essay– Still Separated, Still unequal. (pp.457-471)
For this assignment, you will need to use four of these readings above as the sources.
You will need to draw on the skills of summary, response, analysis, and synthesis that we will practice and develop over the first few weeks of the course and you should work to integrate the authors different ideas into a clear, analytical, and tightly-focused thesis. In other words, you should not attempt to address all the claims these authors are making; instead, you should choose one issue and explore in depth how each author deals with that idea in relation to the other authors. You will need to read and analyze carefully as none of these texts explicitly addresses the same points. Your job is to seek out connections that may not be immediately apparent. How do three different authors address the same issue differently? How do they agree? How do they disagree? What might each author say to the others in a conversation about your topic? As you synthesize the texts, you should also develop a sense of exigency to show your reader why these connections and relationships are important to think and write about. Why do these relationships matter or where does this synthesis lead us?
There are no specific rules about how to organize your synthesis except to say that you should actively make comparisons throughout the essay. Don’t spend the majority of your paper summarizing articles separately and finally adding a few sentences that make a general comparison at the essay’s end. In a true synthesis, you should be moving back and forth between the authors ideas, demonstrating relationships and making specific connective points among them. Similarly, cited material should not constitute the majority of the text in your paper. Use textual evidence to support your points and balance cited material with your own wording and explanation of it.
Audience: You should consider an audience who is well-informed but who does not know the three articles you are writing about. Your purpose in doing so is to explain the key issues from our texts in this unit to someone who is unfamiliar with the specific thinkers and articles we have read. As you write, you should remember your audience and consider what this person will need to know about the articles, terms, and ideas to understand your argument and be sure to explain them as needed.
Your paper should be 1000-1500 words (approximately 4-6 pp.) and should attribute sources appropriately using the current version of MLA citation style